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Ron Howard; 140minutes; 7,7 of 10; year=1995; writer=Jeffrey Kluger, Jim Lovell; genres=Drama. NASA Forty-three years ago today, the Apollo 13 spacecraft splashed down into the Pacific Ocean following one of the most remarkable recovery missions in space history. Inside was mission commander Jim Lovell, 42, lunar module pilot  Fred Haise, 36, and commander module pilot  Jack Swigert, 38. Apollo 13, which blasted into space on April 11, 1970, was supposed to land on the moon. But an explosion in one part of the spacecraft less than three days after launch forced NASA to abort the mission. The mission is still considered a "successful failure" because the three astronauts returned to Earth safely. Around 47 hours into the mission, everything seemed to be running smoothly. "The spacecraft is in real good shape as far as we are concerned. We're bored to tears down here, " Capsule communicator Joe Kerwin says. Sigurd A. Sjoberg, director of flight operations views the Apollo 13 liftoff from a console in the mission control center. Scientist-Astronaut Joseph P. Kerwin, a spacecraft communicator for the mission, looks on at right. Just 9 hours later, the crew finished a television broadcast showing how comfortable it is to live on the spacecraft in zero gravity. Lovell closed with a warm good night: This is the crew of Apollo 13 wishing everybody there a nice evening, and we're just about ready to close out our inspection of Aquarius and get back for a pleasant evening in Odyssey. Good night. " A few minutes after the broadcast wraped, ground control asked Swigert to perform a routine procedure called a cryo-stir. This involved powering fans to stir two oxygen tanks in the service module, which prevented the liquid oxygen from settling into layers. Thirteen minutes after the bang Lovell peers out the window. It's the final indication that something disastrous has happened. "It looks to me that we are venting something, " Lovell reports from Apollo 13. "We're venting something out into space. It's a gas of some sort. " That gas was the oxygen the crew not only needed in order to breathe, but also to power the fuel cells that generated water and power for the spacecraft. The command module (where the crew lived) was quickly losing power. The mission was aborted. Apollo 13 would not land on the moon. What went wrong? An investigation later determined that exposed wires shorted when the fan was turned on to stir the oxygen tanks. The spark, fueled by pure oxygen, ignited the Tungsten insulation. This started a fire inside the number 2 oxygen tank, increasing pressure and causing it to explode. Back in the control center, NASA had called all of its top people in within a few hours of the explosion. With the command module crippled, the decision was made to move the crew to the lunar module (designed to land on the moon), which would act as a "lifeboat. " Lovell is pictured here inside the lunar module. This would present several future challenges. The lunar module was only designed to support two men for two days (like in this artist's concept of Apollo 13 astronauts exploring the moon's surface). Now it was being used to support three men for about 90 hours. The crew had enough back-up oxygen, but the build-up of carbon dioxide would soon be an issue. The new mission was to get the lunar module in a free-return-to-Earth trajectory. Prior to the explosion, the craft was on course for the moon. The free-return course required slinging the lunar module around the moon, back to Earth, and landing in the Pacific Ocean. A telescope photographs the Apollo 13 spacecraft in the lunar-free return, which will take the craft around the far side of the moon, and back to Earth. After a day and a half in the lunar module, a warning light goes off showing dangerous levels of carbon dioxide. The crew could use the canisters used to remove carbon dioxide from the command module, but there was one problem: The command module used square canisters, while the lunar module used round ones. Mission control came up with a makeshift system using only materials available on the craft, like plastic bags, cardboard, and tape, to make this work. The crew photographs the far side of the moon from the Apollo 13 spacecraft on their perilous journey home. The trip is gruesome. There is very little food and water. Most electrical systems, including heat, were shut down to conserve power. The crew can't sleep because it is so cold. At one point the temperature drops to 38 degrees Fahrenheit. Four hours before landing, the damaged service module was released from the command module. The crew snapped pictures, and for the first time, were able to see the full extent of the damage. A view of the service module from the lunar module, which is still attached to the command module. The moon can be seen in the distant background. "There's one whole side of that spacecraft missing, " Jim Lovell said. An entire panel of the service module had been blown away when the oxygen tank exploded, as seen in this close-up image. About to splash down in the South Pacific Ocean, the crew moved back into the command module. The lunar module was shed from the command module. A view of Apollo 13 lunar module from the command module. A large screen in front of the mission control room shows the spacecraft with its parachutes deployed. The capsule and its parachutes are visible after breaking through dark clouds. The spacecraft splashes down on April 17, 1970 at 12:07 p. m. The total voyage time was about 142 hours. Mission control celebrates! The astronauts are pulled from the command module onto life rafts. Haise, Lovell, and Swigert step off a helicopter onto recovery ship U. S. Iwo Jima. After the crew is safely on the ship, the command module is pulled on board. A day later, Lovell reads the newspaper account of Apollo 13's rescue while still on board the U. Iwo Jima. President Richard Nixon presents the nation's highest civilian award to the Apollo 13 crew on April 18. After Apollo 13, eight more Apollo spacecraft flew. None of them experienced problems. More: Space Apollo 13 Disasters Chevron icon It indicates an expandable section or menu, or sometimes previous / next navigation options.

This is what we mean about making America great again. This is the saddest movie I ever seen. Failure is never an option. It just decides to up and drop itself into your lap when it wants to. Free Apollo 13: The IMAX expérience sur adopteunmec. British news broadcasters showing emotion. Another first in history. A fine video.

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Harris is a great actor. Free apollo 13: the imax experience 3. Wow. I watched this whole thing. 2:04 that scene where you see Apollo 13 right next to the Moon, and the Earth in the background. is just amazing. Free apollo 13: the imax experience 2017.

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Free Apollo 13: The IMAX experiences. Free Apollo 13: The IMAX experience. Indeed an awesome Duct Tape ad. I stick to Nichiban Tape.


The thermostat in the O2 tank fused together because it was an old style 28 volt model when it should have been upgraded to 65 volts. I also recall something about the tank being damaged when it was installed and then removed from a different rocket prior to being used. They over simplified the problem. OH MY GOD! I just found out that Bill Paxton is in this film! Had to come and see for myself. I'm obsessed with 2004 Thunderbirds in which he plays Jeff Tracy Billionaire ex astronaut according to the Hood. Well, I guess this may as wel be his backstory! I'm so happy. Free apollo 13 3a the imax experience lyrics. I just saw the film and then YouTube recommend me that. now I m scared about google knowing all my life 😂. Apollo 13 Image Library Figure Captions Copyright © 1996 by Eric M. Jones. All rights reserved. HTML Design by Brian W. Lawrence. Last revised 16 April 2016. No copyright is asserted for NASA photographs. If a recognizable person appears in a photo, use for commercial purposes may infringe a right of privacy or publicity. Photos may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by NASA or by any NASA employee of a commercial product, process or service, or used in any other manner that might mislead. Accordingly, it is requested that if a NASA photograph is used in advertising and other commercial promotion, layout and copy be submitted to NASA prior to release. NASA photos reproduced from this archive should include photo credit to "NASA" or "National Aeronautics and Space Administration" and should include scanning credit to the appropriate individuals or agencies as noted in the captions. Landing Site Maps/Images Preflight 1:25, 000 Map of Fra Mauro ( 7 Mb JPEG or 34 Mb) The grid lines in this large scale map are 250 meters apart. See, also, a geology version showing craters with their rims and ejecta blankets as well as depressions and ridges ( 4 Mb JPEG or 34 Mb). Traverse Map - versions from the Press Kit and Lovell's cuff checklist ( 0. 2 Mb) The seven planned sampling locations are: Valley (7 minutes), 1700 feet northeast of the LM before they start up Cone Ridge; Slope (10 minutes), 700 feet farther east and partway up slope on the flank of Cone Ridge; Cone (30 minutes) at two locations on the rim of Cone Crater; Flank Crater, 700 feet downslope from the Cone rim, same location as Apollo 14's planned Station D; Outpost (30 minutes) with details given three pages farther on in the checklist, similar location to Apollo 14 planned Station E; Weird Crater (15 minutes), same location as Apollo 14's planned Station F; Triplet Craters (7 minutes) same location as Apollo 14's planned Station G. Crew And Equipment Pre-Flight S69-60662 ( 46k) Original artwork for the Apollo 13 insignia/patch. Scan by NASA Johnson. S69-57057 ( 294k or 634k) Apollo 13 Training MESA. The strap attached at the center of the front edge secures the MESA table with one of the rock boxes visible in its stowage slot underneath. 1969. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57058 ( 298k or 653k) Apollo 13 Training MESA. The person on the right seems to be pointing to a sensor on or near the upper rock box. The TV camera is mounted upside down on a frame and is pre-pointed at the bottom of the ladder. In an April 2005 e-mail, Stan Lebar, the Westinghouse Lunar Camera Program Manager, notes that the camera on the training MESA in this series of photographs is a black&white camera. The flight MESA had a color TV camera. "There weren't very many flight units available for this type of use and I suspect that if they had a mockup, they would have used it in lieu of a flight model. Since the TV SEC (Secondary Electron Conduction) vidicon as used in Apollo 12 was replaced with a newly developed SIT (Silicon Intensifier Tube) on Apollo 14 to minimize the possibility of having a repeat of the Apollo 12 fiasco. We had only one CM and LM TV cameras upgraded with a SIT by then and I doubt if they would have chanced using either one of these flight models for this type of test. "To the right of the upper rock box, we see a pair of tongs and an extension handle. To the left of the lower rock box we see the geology hammer, a large scoop head, and the TV tripod. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57059 ( 202k or 440k) Apollo 13 Training MESA. View of the TV camera from the ladder side. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57060 ( 254k or 598k) Apollo 13 Training MESA. View of the upper rock box and an attached sensor. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57061 ( 272k or 594k) Apollo 13 Training MESA. View of two ECS LiOH canisters stowed in the lefthand face. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57062 ( 268k or 584k) Apollo 13 Training MESA. Hammer, scoop, TV tripod, lower rock box and details of the back of the TV camera restraints. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57063 ( 222k or 511k) Underside of the Apollo 13 Training MESA. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57064 ( 228k or 512k) Apollo 13 Training MESA. Underside and righthand face. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57065 ( 279k or 601k) Apollo 13 Training MESA on the left with some thermal blankets. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57066 ( 241k or 579k) Top right portion of the Apollo 13 Training MESA. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57067 ( 201k or 544k) Top portion of the Apollo 13 Training MESA with the TV camera. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57068 ( 285k or 599k) Lefthand portion of the Apollo 13 Training MESA. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57071 ( 257k or 621k) Wide view of the Apollo 13 Training MESA. The ETB is under the MESA table and covers the lower rock box. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57073 ( 238k or 574k) Apollo 13 Training MESA. MESA table re-positioned to allow removal of the rock boxes. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-57074 ( 220k or 609k) Apollo 13 Training MESA. TV camera, lower rock box, TV tripod. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-H-476 ( 132k or 1006k) Apollo-13 backup CMP Jack Swigert prepares to enter spacecraft for altitude chamber test at KSC. September 1969. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-477 ( 151k or 1152k) Apollo-13 backup astronauts John Young (left) and Jack Swigert in spacecraft during altitude chamber test at KSC. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S69-62224 ( 128k) The original Apollo 13 crew - Jim Lovell (left), Ken Mattingly, and Fred Haise - pose for a crew portrait. Note that Lovell does not have a distinguishing stripe on his arm at this time. December 1969. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S69-62231 ( 128k or 1384k) Alternate crew portrait. Scan by Kipp Teague. S69-62237 ( 119k) Portrait of CMP Ken Mattingly. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S69-62238 ( 128k) Portrait of LMP Fred Haise. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S69-62241 ( 126k) Formal Apollo 13 portrait of Jim Lovell. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-20253 ( 122k) Jim Lovell (left) points with his scoop while Fred Haise takes a documentation photograph during the December 17-20 field trip to Hawaii. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-20299 ( 136k) Fred Haise (left) and Jim Lovell during a geology training traverse at Kapoho, Hawaii. They have a Hand Tool Carrier (HTC), are wearing Hasselblads, and have radio aerials so they can talk to the geology support team practicing the Backroom role. 17-20 December 1969. Scan by J. L. Pickering. CM Training ( 115k) Ken Mattingly(left), Jim Lovell, and Fred Haise. Date unknown. Scan by Markus Mehring. KSC-69PC-574 ( 115k) Jim Lovell manipulates a piece of equipment on the top of the Central Station while Back-up Commander John Young (back to us at right center) watches. Harald Kucharek notes that Jim is wearing an EVA glove. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-69PC-577 ( 80k) Fred Haise (right) and his back-up, Charlie Duke, confer with a tech during training. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-24010 ( 144k) Jim Lovell (left) and Fred Haise during training. 17 January 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-31143 ( 93k) Fred Haise in a recovery raft during training, probably in an indoor pool. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-182 ( 103k or 823k) Ken Mattingly during egress training in a pool at MSC. Photo filed 17 January 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-24009 ( 99k) Fred Haise carries mock-ups of the ALSEP packages while in a harness attached to the arm of a large centrifuge. The harness is designed to reduce his apparent weight to one-sixth normal, giving a simulation of lunar conditions. 19 January 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-24012 ( 95k) Fred Haise in the centrifuge harness. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-70PC-9 ( 109k) Jim Lovell checks the gauntlet that will cover the lock rings that connect his glove to the suit. 28 January 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-29672 ( 163k or 1170k) Jim Lovell, who is carrying the ALSEP packages in the foreground, and Fred Haise, who is in the background with the Hand Tool Carrier (HTC), conduct a walk-through of EVA timeline at KSC. A Universal Handling Tool (UHT) sticks up on a diagonal out of each of the packages. In Lovell's flown cuff checklist, the UHTs are called 'putters', no doubt because of their resemblance golf 'putters'. The RTG package is on Jim's left. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-70PC-11 ( 96k) Fred Haise practices use of the Apollo Lunar Surface Close-up Camera, also known as the Gold Camera. Pickering. KSC-70PC-16 ( 11 Mb or 0. 25 Mb) NASA caption, 28 January 1970: "Fred W. Haise Jr., Apollo 13 Lunar Module Pilot, participated in a walk-through of the extravehicular activity timeline near the flight crew training building here today. In the foreground is the lunar surface tool carrier, topped by auger-like pipes, to be used with a motorized device to obtain soil sample cores in the Moon’s rugged Fra Mauro region. Apollo 13 is scheduled for launch from Complex 39’s Pad A no earlier than April 13. The other crew members are James A. Lovell, Jr., commander, and Thomas K. Mattingly II, Command Module pilot. " Note that Haise has a 16-mm DAC movie camera mounted on his RCU bracket. The featureless box mounted on the camera of Haise's right is a battery for the DAC. Scan courtesy Margaret Persinger, KSC. KSC-70P-46 ( 132k) Fred Haise works with the drill. Jim Lovell is holding a Hasselblad camera. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-29673 ( 170k or 1132k) Fred Haise works with the drill. The drill-stem rack is in the foreground. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-70PC-13 ( 152k) Fred Haise has a Universal Handling Tool (UHT) in his right hand. The drill is at his right and drill stem rack is at his left. On the Moon, Fred plans to drill to two holes to the heat flow experiment and one core hole. In drilling the core hole, he uses six 42. 5-cm stem, emplacing one stem and then attaching the next before extracting the entire string. Here, he has evidently just drawn the string out of the buried container which contains lunar soil simulant. As Dave Scott discovered on Apollo 15, lunar soil is more compact than expected at depth and extraction of the core was extremely difficult. Later crews had a jack and treadle to help with the extraction. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-70PC-12 ( 144k or 353k) Jim Lovell (left) and Fred Haise pose at the foot of a LM simulator. Jim has tongs attached to his yo-yo. Note that the lettering on Lovell's RCU, reading "J. Lovell", is in red while the lettering on Haise's RCU, reading "F. Haise", is in black. The MESA is visible behind Jim and appears to be completely unloaded. Research by J. Pickering. KSC-70PC-15 ( 172k) Apollo 13 Commander Jim Lovell carries the ALSEP packages during training at the Cape. Fred Haise is in the background at the left, apparently walking out from the training building. The RTG pallet is on Lovell's left. Note the locking mechanism with which the pallets are secured to the carrybar and, also, the Universal Handling Tool (UHT) attached to each of the pallets. Scan by Kipp Teague. KSC-70PC-16 ( 120k) Apollo 13 Commander Jim Lovell prepares to use the 'crank' to adjust the erectable S-Band antenna pointing, probably first in elevation. Scan courtesy Margaret Persinger, KSC. KSC-70PC-18 ( 144k or 800k) Close-up of Fred Haise during training. Ulli Lotzmann calls attention to the fact that Fred is using a RCU-mounted Data Acquisition Camera (DAC). RCU mounting brackets for DAC cameras were flown on all the missions from Apollo 13 to Apollo 17, but the only training photos of RCU-mounted DACs are from Apollo 13. This image also gives us an excellent view of Fred's spiral-bound cuff checklist. A page in Jim Lovell's cuff checklist for activities at 1+00 into the EVA indicates that Fred sent a DAC out from the cabin in the ETB. Jim then mounted the DAC on his RCU to film Fred's egress. Item 155 in the Apollo 13 CM launch stowage list is "Camera/Power Pack Assy 16MH L. S. ", which is clearly a battery-powered DAC configured for use on the lunar surface. Pickering. KSC-70PC-19 ( 108k) Close-up of Fred Haise during training at the Cape. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-103 ( 97k) Fred Haise extracts the fuel element for the SNAP-26 RTG from its cask mounted on the side of the LM. 3 February 1970. Photo filed Scan by Frederic Artner. 70-HC-73 ( 88k or 753k) Jim Lovell takes a picture to document the deployed configuration of the ALSEP. Both the RTG and Central Station are visible in his visor. Photo filed 3 February 1970. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-HC-74 ( 124k or 960k) Excellent view of Jim Lovell's chest-mounted Hasselblad camera during EVA training. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-HC-75 ( 120k or 964k) A technician appears to be adjusting Fred Haise's LEVA (Lunar Extravehicular Visor Assembly) during EVA training. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-HC-77 ( 220k or 1486k) Jim Lovell appears to be releasing Boyd bolt on the ALSEP Central Station. Once all of the bolts are released, the top will spring up. The RTG is behind Jim on the righthand side of the photo. In this image, we can see that the nametag on the left front of the RCU has red letters and, from other pictures in this sequence, we know that Jim's lettering is red while Fred's is black. Note the pattern of Velcro strips on the top of Jim's OPS, particularly the short strip just forward of the antenna, which can be used to identify him when other clues are not available. In this and the following images, Jim has his side visors up. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-HC-80 ( 204k or 1657k) Fred Haise positions the drill stem rack during training. The battery-powered drill is at his left and a buried can filled with lunar soil simulant is on the righthand side of the picture. Note the wide pitch - perhaps 1 cm - of the thread on the drill stems. Fred has his watch on his right arm and, as can be seen in good detail in this photo, a spiral-bound checklist on his left wrist. A Universal Handling Tool (UHT) is attached to the yo-yo at his waist. Note the pattern of Velcro strips on the top of his OPS and the fact that he has his side visors down. Note, also, that Fred's OPS antenna has a red color, whereas Jim's in prior images had a silver color. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-H-293 ( 87k) Benchtop photo of the 16-mm Data Acquisition Camera (DAC). The attached battery pack is underneath the camera in this shot. Pickering. 70-HC-81 ( 172k or 1079k) Fred Haise (right) and a technician or engineer work with the drill. Fred has his right foot on the treadle. Jim Lovell has a Data Acquisition Camera in his left hand and has the Hand Tool Carrier (HTC) at his right hand. A detail shows the tops of their OPSs. Note the different patterns of Velcro strips on the tops of their OPSs, the antenna colors and the different configuration of hoses and coverings on their right side of their OPSs. The lettering on Jim's RCU nametag definitely is red. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-HC-83 ( 136k or 962k) Fred Haise (foreground left) and Jim Lovell separate core stem sections using a hand wrench. Jim's yo-yo is clearly visible on his left hip and, as indicated in a detail, we have a clear view of the curved armband and spiral binding of the cuff checklist. The set of five small objects visible between his hands are core stem caps. The different colors of the OPS antennas is clear in this picture. Note that Fred has the DAC mounted on his RCU and that there is a tempa-label on the handle of his UHT. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-HC-84 ( 128k or 947k) Fred Haise (red antenna, facing us) and Jim Lovell with the Hand Tool Carrier (HTC). Scan by Kipp Teague. KSC-70PC-0016 ( 120k) Jim Lovell (left) aligns the high-gain antenna while Fred Haise works at the ALSEP Bay. 4 February 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. Flag Deployment ( 126k) Jim Lovell practices flag deployment. Pickering. S70-27034 ( 3. 3 Mb) Fred Haise carries the Solar Wind Collector (SWC) during training. Note the black strap on Haise's right forearm. Note, also, that Fred has a 16-mm Data Acquisition Camera (DAC) mounted on his RCU. Scan courtesy NASA Johnson. S70-27038 ( 172k) Jim Lovell and Fred Haise appear to be opening the large sample bag that fits in the center of the Hand Tool Carrier at the left. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-27037 ( 108k or 585k) Jim Lovell collects a sample with the tongs during training. The Hand Tool Carrier is behind him at the right and the Central Station and other ALSEP instruments are behind him at the left. The reflection in Jim's visor indicates that Fred Haise took this picture. Scan by Kipp Teague. KSC-70PC-62 ( 216k or 578k) Apollo 13 Backup Commander John Young practices trenching at the Cape. The type of long-handled scoop shown here was never used on the Moon. The Apollo Lunar Surface Close-up Camera is to the right of the gnomon. Note that John does not have distinguishing stripes on his suit at this time. 19 February 1970. Scan by Kipp Teague. KSC-70PC-63 ( 0. 3 Mb or 2. 8 Mb) Side view of John Young trenching at the Cape, with Charlie Duke watching. Note that Charlie appears to have a battery-powered DAC mounted on his RCU. Scan courtesy Maggie Persinger, KSC. KSC-70PC-67 ( 0. 9 Mb) John Young (left) pours a sample into a 'Dixie Cup' sample bag in a holder on the Hand Tool Carrier (HTC). Charlie Duke may be taking a cross-Sun "after". Note that John does not have distinguishing stripes on his suit. Scan courtesy Maggie Persinger, KSC. 70-H-259 ( 111k or 797k) Jim Lovell (left), Ken Mattingly, and Fred Haise climb into a Command Module mock-up for egress training in the Gulf of Mexico. Photo filed 24 February 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-24767 ( 194k) Jim Lovell (left), Ken Mattingly, and Fred Haise climb into a Command Module mock-up for egress training aboard 'Retriever'. 24 February 1970. Pickering. S70-25623 ( 137k) Fred Haise (left), Jim Lovell, and Ken Mattingly aboard 'Retriever'. Pickering. S70-25628 ( 143k) Fred Haise (left), Ken Mattingly, and Jim Lovell aboard 'Retriever'. Pickering. S70-25634 ( 143k) Jim Lovell poses in an oxygen mask aboard 'Retriever'. Pickering. 70-H-257 ( 89k or 675k) Apollo 13 water egress training in Gulf of Mexico. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-30579 ( 114k or 771k) The Lovell Family: Barbara (born 13 October 1953), Marilyn, Jeffrey (born 14 January 1966), Jim, and Susan ( born 14 July 1958). Son Jay (born 15 February 1955) was a student at St. John's Military Academy in Wisconsin and wasn't present for the photo session. March 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-30534 ( 72k) View of the Lunar Landing Training Vehicle. 9 March 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-HC-300 ( 132k or 1151k) Jim Lovell celebrates his 42nd birthday. This is the earliest picture currently in the ALSJ that shows Jim with red stripes on his suit. Photo filed 25 March 1970. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-H-444 ( 95k) Jim Lovell examines a large birthday card. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-445 ( 95k) Jim Lovell serves pieces of his birthday cake. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-446 ( 86k) Ken Mattingly suited up prior to the Countdown Demonstration Test. Photo filed 26 March 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-HC-292 ( 140k or 1278k) The Apollo 13 crew walks to the transfer van prior to the Countdown Demonstration Test. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-H-450 ( 86k) In the White Room, Pad Leader Guenter Wendt jokes with a member of the Apollo 13 crew while Jim Lovell (center) watches. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-70P-130 ( 86k) Fred Haise (left), Jim Lovell, and Ken Mattingly board the transfer van after the successful completion of the Countdown Demonstration Test. 26 March 1970. Scan courtesy NASA KSC. S70-32726 ( 1. 5 Mb or 141k) The Apollo lens brush was first flown on Apollo 13 and, on the later missions was used on Hasselblads and TV lenses to good effect. The bristles were made of an unidentified soft hair to avoid scratching the lenses. Photo logged 27 March 1970. Scan courtesy Susan Phipps, NASA Johnson. NoID-PLSS ( 124k) Pre-flight views of the back of Fred Haise's PLSS (left) and, presumably, the front of Jim Lovell's (right). 3 April 1970. Pickering. KSC-70PC-70 ( 104k) Jim Lovell poses at the launch pad. 6 April 1970. Pickering. KSC-70PC-71 ( 112k) Fred Haise poses at the launch pad. Pickering. KSC-70PC-72 ( 100k) Ken Mattingly poses at the launch pad. Pickering. KSC-70PC-73 ( 144k) Fred Haise (left) Jim Lovell, and Ken Mattingly pose in front of the launch pad. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-H-621 ( 135k or 839k) Fred Haise (left) Jim Lovell, and Ken Mattingly pose in front of the launch pad. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-474 ( 104k or 869k) Fred Haise (left) and Jim Lovell walk out to their T-38 aircraft at Patrick AFB. Photo dated 8 April 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-472 ( 87k or 669k) Jim Lovell prepares to take off in T-38 aircraft during training at Patrick AFB. Photo dated 6 April 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-70PC-76 ( 156k) Fred Haise works in the LM simulator. The Environmental Control System (ECS) is on the righthand side of the image. 7 April 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-467 ( 142k or 1010k) Jim Lovell descends from the Command Module simulator at KSC. Photo dated 7 April 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-473 ( 111k or 854k) Fred Haise prepares to take off in T-38 aircraft at Patrick AFB. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-475 ( 98k) Jack Swigert sits in a pristine space suit. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-70PC-78 ( 156k) Deke Slayton (yellow shirt), Jim Lovell, and Ken Mattingly listen to Jack Swigert. 9 April 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-724 ( 116k) Fred Haise (left), Jack Swigert, and Jim Lovell pose on the day before launch. Swigert had just replaced Ken Mattingly as CMP after Mattingly was exposed to German Measles. Photo dated 10 April 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-HC-541 ( 140k or 1136k) Fred Haise (left), Jack Swigert, and Jim Lovell pose on the day before launch. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-34767 ( 228k or 935k) Jack Swigert, Jim Lovell, and Fred Haise pose on the day before launch. 10 April 1970. Research by Ed Hengeveld. S70-36485 ( 119k) Jim Lovell (left), Jack Swigert, and Fred Haise pose on the day before launch. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-492 ( 212k) Fred Haise (left), Jim Lovell, and Jack Swigert, at breakfast on launch day. Photo filed 11 April 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-494 ( 116k or 943k) Fred Haise (left) and Jim Lovell during pre-launch breakfast. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. NoID-Swigert ( 96k) Jack Swigert at breakfast on launch day. 11 April 1970. Pickering. 70-HC-429 ( 72k or 585k) Jim Lovell's suit. Note the covers protecting the neck and wrist rings. Photo dated 11 April 1970. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-34848 ( 108k) Jim Lovell during suit-up on launch day. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-HC-329 ( 120k or 1052k) Jim Lovell during suit-up. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-H-501 ( 89k or 736k) Jim Lovell during suit-up. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-34849 ( 78k) Jack Swigert during suit-up. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-34850 ( 90k) 70-H-503 ( 125k or 929k) Jack Swigert during suit-up. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-496 ( 126k or 914k) S70-34851 ( 115k) Fred Haise and a tech check comm during suit-up. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-502 ( 100k or 805k) Fred Haise during suit-up. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-499 ( 116k) The Apollo 13 crewmembers prepare to leave the suit-up room. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-497 ( 211k) NASA caption: "Astronaut secretary Martha Caballero wishing Apollo 13 commander James A. Lovell, Jr. good luck. " Photo dated 11 April 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-500 ( 87k) Jim Lovell leads Fred Haise and Jack Swigert to the transfer van. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-498 ( 111k) The Apollo 13 crewmembers make their way to the Transfer Van for the trip out to the launch pad. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-495 ( 126k or 1008k) Jim Lovell leads Jack Swigert and Fred Haise to the Transfer van. Deke Slayton is behind and to the left of Haise. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-70PC-105 ( 99k) The Apollo 13 crew at the base of the launch tower. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-70PC-111 ( 99k) Guenter Wendt, seated at the Command Module hatch, signals to the crew. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-31774 ( 72k or 434k) An artist's fanciful view of the Apollo 13 crew working on the lunar surface. Among other problems: (1) stars are not readily seen in the daylight lunar sky by either the human eye or a camera because of the brightness of the sunlight surface; (2) the streaks in the sky are highly implausible; (3) no Apollo Commander would have landed in a place with a rocky outcrop so short a distance downrange; and, (4) it would have been extremely difficult for an astronaut in a pressurized Apollo suit to climb up on a rock as shown here. Scan by Kipp Teague. Apollo 13 Plaque ( 82k) This is a facsimile of the replacement plaque flown on the mission - possibly in the LM cabin as shown in the Ron Howard film Apollo 13. Scan by Frederic Artner. Vehicle Assembly, Transport and Launch Pad Preps 69-H-1791 ( 140k) Apollo 13 CSM in Assembly and Test. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-69P-683 ( 158k) Apollo 13 Saturn V with boilerplate spacecraft during transfer move from High Bay 2 to High Bay 3. 8 August 1969. Pickering. Roll-Around ( 120k) KSC-69P-684 ( 140k) 69-HC-1048 ( 136k or 853k) Two views of LM-7 being moved from altitude chamber to low bay work stand at Manned Spacecraft Operations Building at the Cape. Photo dated 10 October 1969. Scan by Kipp Teague. 69-HC-1260 ( 148k or 986k) The third stage adapter is lowered into place over the Lunar Module during stacking in the VAB. Scan by Kipp Teague. 69-H-1792 ( 115k) Apollo 13 command-and-service module being moved to integrated workstand for final mating to spacecraft launch adapter. Photo dated 10 December 1969. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 69-HC-1148 ( 200k or 1432k) Apollo 13 spacecraft before mating to launch vehicle in VAB. Scan by Kipp Teague. 69-HC-1147 ( 176k or 1569k) Apollo 13 Saturn V in VAB during mating of spacecraft. Scan by Kipp Teague. KSC-69PC-820 ( 92k or 1001k) Apollo 13 bathed in floodlight during early-morning rollout. 16 December 1969. Pickering. 69-H-1911 ( 58k) Apollo 13 Saturn V during rollout. Photo dated 16 December 1969. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 69-HC-1268 ( 120k or 1032k) Apollo 13 Saturn V during rollout. Scan by Kipp Teague. 69-H-1909 ( 74k) 69-H-1906 ( 132k or 1204k) Apollo 13 Saturn V during rollout. Scan by????. KSC-69PC-825 ( 176k or 1267k) Apollo 13 Saturn V during rollout. Scan by Kipp Teague. KSC-69PC-826 ( 109k or 375k) Apollo 13 Saturn V during rollout. Pickering. 69-H-1908 ( 136k) Apollo 13 rollout. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 69-HC-1269 ( 116k or 1093k) Apollo 13 Saturn V on pad 39A after rollout. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-32990 ( 148k or 277k) Apollo 13 on the pad. 24 March 1970. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-32989 ( 68k) Apollo 13 on the pad. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-442 ( 188k) The crawler is moved into position under the Mobile service Structure. Photo dated 24 March 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. 70-H-448 ( 140k) The Mobile Service Structure approaches the Apollo 13 spacecraft from the right. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-70PC-68 ( 136k or 290k) The Apollo 13 CSM and Escape Tower from the Mobile Service Structure. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-HC-536 ( 176k or 1213k) The Apollo 13 CSM and Escape Tower from the Mobile Service Structure. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-HC-537 ( 92k or 836k) The Apollo 13 stack from the Mobile Service Structure. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-HC-289 ( 120k) Liquid Oxygen vents from Apollo 13 during a Countdown Demonstration Test. Pickering. KSC-70C-1049 ( 136k or 1323k) The Apollo 13 CSM and Escape Tower from the Mobile Service Structure. 25 March 1970. Pickering. 70-HC-351 ( 152k or 1227k) View of Apollo 13 Saturn V from the tower during Countdown Demonstration Test. Photo dated 25 March 1970. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-HC-291 ( 52k or 671k) Nighttime view of Apollo 13 Saturn V on pad during Countdown Demonstration Test. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-H-447 ( 148k) View of Apollo 13 from the Mobile Service Structure. Photo dated 31 March 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-70C-1491 ( 93k or 871k) Apollo 13 Saturn V on the pad at dusk. Scan by Kipp Teague. KSC-70C-1492 ( 203k) Apollo 13 Saturn V on the pad enclosed in the Mobile Service Structure (MSS). Pickering. KSC-70C-1499 ( 156k or 1211k) Apollo 13 Saturn V viewed from the Mobile Service Structure during MSS rollback. Pickering. KSC-70C-1490 ( 108k or 863k) Apollo 13 silhouetted by sunset following MSS pullback. Pickering. KSC-70C-1494 ( 176k or 1044k) Apollo 13 on pad at sunset following MSS pullback. Scan by Kipp Teague. KSC-70PC-104 ( 302k) Apollo 13 ready for launch. Scan by Kipp Teague. KSC-70PC-43 ( 380k) Apollo 13 Saturn V on the launch pad at sunset. Scan by Kipp Teague. KSC-70PC-176 ( 141k or 295k) Apollo 13 Saturn V spotlit on the launch pad. Scan by Kipp Teague. Saturn V Launch KSC-70PC-178 ( 187k or 403k) Apollo 13 launch. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-34747 ( 126k or 295k) Apollo 13 launch. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-34853 ( 96k) KSC-70PC-160 ( 92k or 300k) Apollo 13 launch. Pickering. KSC-70PC-159 ( 160k) Apollo 13 yaws away from the launch tower during lift-off. It has risen about one quarter of its own height. Pickering. KSC-70PC-107 ( 131k or 295k) Apollo 13 yaws away from the launch tower during lift-off. It has risen about half its own height. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-34747 ( 124k) Apollo 13 lift-off during the yaw maneuver from a different perspective. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-34855 ( 131k or 156k) Apollo 13 clears the tower. Scan by Kipp Teague. In-Flight Photos S70-35139 ( 132k) Gene Kranz, with his back to us, at right center watches a TV transmission from the Apollo 13 crew moments before the accident that crippled the mission. Fred Haise can be seen on the large screen at the upper right. 13 April 1970. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-34986 ( 136k or 657k) (NASA Caption) "A group of eight astronauts and flight controllers monitor the console activity in the Mission Operations Control Room (MOCR) of the Mission Control Center (MCC) during the Apollo 13 lunar landing mission. Seated, left to right, are MOCR Guidance Officer Raymond F. Teague; Astronaut Edgar D. Mitchell, and Astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr., Standing, left to right, are Scientist-Astronaut Anthony W. England; Astronaut Joe H. Engle; Astronaut Eugene A. Cernan; Astronaut Ronald E. Evans; and M. P. Frank, a flight controller. When this picture was made, the Apollo 13 moon landing had already been cancelled, and the Apollo 13 crewmen were in transearth trajectory attempting to bring their crippled spacecraft back home. " Mitchell and Shepard, along with Stu Roosa, are the Apollo 14 Prime Crew and Cernan, Evans, and Engle the Apollo 14 Back-up Crew. Tony England, who confirmed the following in a January 2006 e-mail, was to have been the Apollo 13 EVA CapCom; and later, at the request of John Young who was the Backup Commander on Apollo 13, Tony served with distinction as Mission Scientist and EVA CapCom on Apollo 16. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-35583 ( 164k) Standing in front of the Apollo 9 CM at the Manned Spacecraft Center, Reginald Turnhill of the BBC makes a tape for TV transmission back to his home country during the Apollo 13 mission.. Pickering. Kipp Teague has posted unprocessed, high-resolution scans provided by NASA Johnson of all the Apollo Hasselblad images. The scans are available at AS13-59-8484 ( 1. 2 Mb) Jim Lovell in the LM, preparing it for jettison. Journal Contributor Mike Poliszuk notes that the DSKY display, visible to the right of Jim's elbow, shows "his computer is in 'Poo', i. e. Program 00, idling. It is powered on but not doing anything. See an enhanced detail from the high resolution scan. Apollo 13 is the only Apollo flight in which interior shots were taken with a Hasselblad with a Reseau plate installed. This camera would have been used for EVA shots had they landed. " Scan courtesy Kipp Teague. AS13-59-8490/1 Red-Blue Anaglyph ( 20k) Red-blue anaglyph by Erik van Meijgaarden. AS13-59-8491 ( 84k) 16-mm camera and magazine in the purse. Scan by Ulli Lotzmann. AS13-60-8591 ( 161k) View of Earth. Scan by Kipp Teague. Journal Contributor Paul White has made detailed comparisons of cloud patterns seen in a large number of Apollo images with imagery taken at close to the same time by various meteorlogical satellites. AS13-61-8727 ( 100k) View thru the LM rendezvous window of the Moon beyond the Command Module. Scan by Kipp Teague. AS13-62-8885 ( 116k or 817k) View of the Moon out a LM window. Scan courtesy NASA Johnson. AS13-62-8909 ( 196k or 1046k) View of the Moon out a LM window. Journal Contributor Danny Caes writes, "The two major craters in this photograph are Chaplygin (just left of centre), and Schliemann (below centre). " Scan courtesy NASA Johnson. AS13-62-8922 ( 92k) Oblique view of the lunar farside. Scan by Kipp Teague. AS13-62-8988 ( 128kk) Lovell asleep in the LM, wearing his EVA boots. Scan by Ulli Lotzmann. S70-35013 ( 137k or 954k) Deke Slayton (check jacket) shows the adapter devised to make use of square Command Module lithium hydroxide canisters to remove excess carbon dioxide from the Apollo 13 LM cabin. As detailed in Lost Moon by Jim Lovell and Jeffrey Kluger, the adapter was devised by Ed Smylie. From left to right, members of Slayton's audience are Flight Director Milton L. Windler, Deputy Director/Flight Operations Howard W. Tindall, Director/Flight Operations Sigurd A Sjoberg, Deputy Director/Manned Spaceflight Center Christopher C. Kraft, and Director/Manned Spaceflight Center Robert R. Gilruth. 15 April 1970. Scan by Eric Jones. AS13-62-8929 ( 162k or 583k) Inflight photo of the device constructed by the crew from duct tape, maps and other materials they had on hand as per instructions provided by Houston. This device allowed use of box-shaped Command Module lithium hydroxide canisters in conjunction with the LM Environmental Control system, which is the large white unit that fills most of the frame. The LM LiOH canisters were cylindrical in shape and fit into the receptacles at the lower left. Compare with the LM-ECS diagram ( 245k). Scan by John Fongheiser. AS13-62-9004 ( 144k or 682k) Interior view of the Apollo 13 Lunar Module (LM) during the trouble-plagued journey back to Earth. This photograph shows some of the temporary hose connections and apparatus which were necessary when the three astronauts moved form the Command Module to use the LM as a 'lifeboat'. Astronaut John L. Swigert Jr., command module pilot, is on the right. On the left, an astronauts holds in his right hand the feed water bag from the Portable Life Support System (PLSS). It is connected to a hose (in center) from the Lunar Topographic (Hycon) camera. In the background is the 'mail box', a jerry-rigged arrangement which the Apollo 13 astronauts built to use the Command Module lithium hydroxide canisters to purge carbon dioxide from the Lunar Module. Lithium hydroxide is used to scrub CO2 from the spacecraft's atmosphere. Since there was a limited amount of lithium hydroxide in the LM, this arrangement was rigged up to utilize the canisters from the CM. The "mail box" was designed and tested on the ground at the Manned Spacecraft Center before it was suggested to the Apollo 13 crewmen. Because of the explosion of one of the oxygen tanks in the Service Module, the three crewmen had to use the LM as a 'lifeboat'. NASA caption. Scan by Kipp Teague. AS13-60-8591 ( 68k) View of Earth from Apollo 13. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-35368 ( 133k or 1386k) Mission Control during final 24 hours of Apollo 13 mission. April 16, 1970. Scan by Kipp Teague. AS13-59-8500 ( 55k or 415k) View of the severely damaged Service Module after separation. 17 April 1970. Scan by Kipp Teague. AS13-59-8562 ( 104k) View of the top of Apollo 13 Lunar Module Aquarius after separation. The plus-Z strut with the ladder attached is at the bottom of the image. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-35652 ( 76k) The Apollo 13 Command Module approaches splashdown. Scan by Kipp Teague. KSC-70PC-121 ( 90k) Apollo 13 splashdown. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-15870 ( 105k) Recovery and Post-flight Photos 70-HC-482 ( 136k or 1201k) Apollo 13 recovery operations. Photo dated 17 April 1970. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-35631 ( 98k) Jim Lovell (center) gestures in the recovery raft while a Navy diver positions the lift cage. Fred Haise is on the left side of the raft with Jack Swigert partly hidden beyond him. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-70PC-256 ( 139k) Jack Swigert is raised to the recovery helicopter after splashdown. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. KSC-70PC-0130 ( 57k) Fred Haise (left), Jim Lovell, and Jack Swigert emerge from the recovery helicopter on-board the aircraft carrier Iwo Jima. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-35145 ( 104k or 257k) Mission Control in Houston celebrates the safe return of the Apollo 13 crew. Gene Kranz is smoking a celebratory cigar at the right while Deke Slayton, in front of the mission patch, shakes hands. Scan by Kipp Teague. 70-H-652 ( 186k or 1288k) Navy helicopters lowers net to pick up rescue swimmers of U. Navy Underwater Demolition team. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-35606 ( 160k or 393k) Rear Admiral Donald C. Davis (USN), Recovery Task Force Commander, welcomes Fred Haise (left), Jack Swigert, and Jim Lovell aboard the U. Iwo Jima after their safe return to Earth. Scan by Kipp Teague. S70-15520 ( 261k) Jim Lovell (left), Fred Haise, and Jack Swigert receive a phone call on board the Iwo Jima. The fact that it is a group call and that a photo was taken suggest that the call is from President Nixon. Pickering. S70-15653 ( 248k) Navy divers pose with the Command Module before it is hoisted aboard the Iwo Jima. Pickering. S70-15841 ( 193k) S70-16000 ( 224k) Navy divers prepare the Command Module for hoisting. Pickering. S70-35632 ( 216k) The Apollo 13 Command Module being hosted aboard the Iwo Jima. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-15531 ( 104k) The Apollo 13 Command Module after being hosted aboard the Iwo Jima. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-15507 ( 209k) Jack Swigert (left) and Jim Lovell examine the Command Module aboard the Iwo Jima. Pickering. S70-15961 ( 214k) Interior of the Command Module during inspection onboard the Iwo Jima. April 1970. Pickering. S70-15501 ( 109k) Jim Lovell reads a newspaper account of the Apollo 13 recovery. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-16004 ( 297k) Jim Lovell and Jack Swigert at dinner on the Iwo Jima. Pickering. S70-16007 ( 297k) Jim Lovell at dinner on the Iwo Jima. Pickering. S70-15511 ( 112k) U. President Richard Nixon (right) welcomes the Apollo 13 crew safely home. Jack Swigert is at the left, then Fred Haise, and Jim Lovell. 18 April 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-15526 ( 132k) Fred Haise (left), Jim Lovell, President Nixon, and Jack Swigert at Hickham Air Force Base, Hawaii. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-15762 ( 193k) Jim Lovell (left), Jack Swigert, and Fred Haise at Hickham Air Force Base, Hawaii. Pickering. S70-35747 ( 72k) Jim Lovell (left), Jack Swigert, and Fred Haise in Houston. 20 April 1970. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-35748 ( 71k) Deke Slayton (center foreground), Jim Lovell (left rear), Jack Swigert (center rear), and Fred Haise (center right) meet with Wernher von Braun in Houston. Scan by Ed Hengeveld. S70-51890 ( 168k) Apollo astronauts and Soyuz 9 crew at a backyard party: (left-to-right) Armstrong, Aldrin, Anders, Nikolayev, McDivitt, Conrad, Cunningham, Stafford, Swigert, Gordon, Schweickart, Scott, Lovell, Slayton, Sevastyanov. 1970. Photo research by Jim Murray and Peter Duncan. Scan by Kipp Teague. 21st Astronautical Congress ( 2. 8 Mb) This article was published in the Augsburger Allgemeine of 9 Ocgtober 1970 and is used with permission. Scan by Klaus Zeitner, who also provided a translation into English. S71-52266 ( 100k or 566k) Jack Swigert poses with a LM model. December 1971. Scan by Kipp Teague. Splashdown Location ( 750k) This Mike Dinne was the Deputy Director at NASA's Honeysuckle Creek Tracking Station during Apollo and provides a scan of a map he used during Apollo 13. It shows the post-launch Rev 1 and 2 ground tracks for launches at the beginning and end of the launch window. An on-time launch would have left the Cape on an azimuth of 72 degrees while a launch at the end of the window would have left on an azimuth of 96 degrees. Apollo 13 launched on time. Mike marked the splashdown location soon after the crew was safely recovered. Jim Lovell's EV Gloves ( 38k) This Ulrich Lotzmann photo shows the gloves on display at the Adler Planetarium in Chicago. Jim Lovell's left EVA Glove, Cuff Checklist, and LEVA ( 1. 3 Mb) Jim Lovell's flown LEVA, photographed at the Adler Planetarium by Arthur de Wolf This version of the LEVA was first flown on Apollo 13 and included a central eyeshade with a raisable flap. It also included what is known as the 'CDR stripe' introduced at the request of NASA Public Affairs to distinguish between the two LM crewmembers in photographs. On later missions, the stripe was solid red. Lovell obtained NASA permission to incorporate a US Navy anchor on his CDR stripe.

Lol dont pay for this people it's on cable often and it's not even good. 1and 1 is 2. Free Apollo 13: The IMAX expérience sur les. Free apollo 13 3a the imax experience design. Click bait they cut off the ending folks don't watch. This is an excellent mixture of excitement, emotion and character empathy. When Houston erupts with relief, the audience spontaneously erupts too, both wanting to cheer and cry. The assembled cast are well established favourites, and I could feel the realism in this clever mix of fact and fiction. It was a great movie about an amazing mission that show the best of what the Apollo missions were about! On a much smaller note since the movie and in just about every media coverage about the mission, I've always seen the young woman in the news clip at 37:24. I've often wondered, who she is and where is she today! She in her 70's at least now.

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Free Apollo 13: The IMAX experience on your device

I watched this on VHS at least 50 times as a kid. Good video. Hey wasnt Tom Hanks on this flight too. Free apollo 13: the imax experience download. Start watching Apollo 13 Add STARZ® to any Hulu plan for an additional $8. 99/month. Get unlimited access to the largest streaming library with no ads Watch on your favorite devices Switch plans or cancel anytime Download from thousands of titles to watch offline Available add-ons HBO® SHOWTIME® CINEMAX® STARZ® Get unlimited access to the largest streaming library with limited ads Watch on your favorite devices Switch plans or cancel anytime Available add-ons No Ads HBO® SHOWTIME® CINEMAX® STARZ® Get unlimited access to the largest streaming library with limited ads Stream 65+ top Live and On-Demand TV channels Record live TV with 50 hours of Cloud DVR storage Watch Live TV online and on supported devices Switch plans or cancel anytime Available add-ons Enhanced Cloud DVR Unlimited Screens HBO® SHOWTIME® CINEMAX® STARZ® Entertainment Add-on Español Add-on.

Free Apollo 13: The IMAX expérience utilisateur

Free apollo 13: the imax experience 1. Failure is always an option. Sketch of a circumlunar free return trajectory (not to scale) A free-return trajectory is a trajectory of a spacecraft traveling away from a primary body (for example, the Earth) where gravity due to a secondary body (for example, the Moon) causes the spacecraft to return to the primary body without propulsion (hence the term free). [1] Earth–Moon [ edit] The first spacecraft to use a free-return trajectory was the Soviet Luna 3 mission in October 1959. It used the Moon's gravity to send it back towards the Earth so that the photographs it had taken of the far side of the Moon could be downloaded by radio. Symmetrical free-return trajectories were studied by Arthur Schwaniger of NASA in 1963 with reference to the Earth–Moon system. [2] He studied cases in which the trajectory at some point crosses at a right angle the line going through the centre of the Earth and the centre of the Moon, and also cases in which the trajectory crosses at a right angle the plane containing that line and perpendicular to the plane of the Moon's orbit. In both scenarios we can distinguish between: [2] A circumlunar free-return trajectory around the Moon. The spacecraft passes behind the Moon. It moves there in a direction opposite to that of the Moon, or at least slower than the Moon in the same direction. If the craft's orbit begins in a normal (west to east) direction near Earth, then it makes a figure 8 around the Earth and Moon when plotted in a coordinate system that rotates as the Moon goes around the Earth. A cislunar free-return trajectory. The spacecraft goes beyond the orbit of the Moon, returns to inside the Moon's orbit, moves in front of the Moon while being diverted by the Moon's gravity to a path away from the Earth to beyond the orbit of the Moon again, and is drawn back to Earth by Earth's gravity. (There is no real distinction between these trajectories and similar ones that never go beyond the Moon's orbit, but the latter may not get very close to the Moon, so are not considered as relevant. ) In both the circumlunar case and the cislunar case, the craft can be moving generally from west to east around the Earth (co-rotational), or from east to west (counter-rotational). For trajectories in the plane of the Moon's orbit with small periselenum radius (close approach of the Moon), the flight time for a cislunar free-return trajectory is longer than for the circumlunar free-return trajectory with the same periselenum radius. Flight time for a cislunar free-return trajectory decreases with increasing periselenum radius, while flight time for a circumlunar free-return trajectory increases with periselenum radius. [2] The speed at a perigee of 6555 km from the centre of the Earth for trajectories passing between 2000 and 20 000 km from the Moon is between 10. 84 and 10. 92 km/s regardless of whether the trajectory is cislunar or circumlunar or whether it is co-rotational or counter-rotational. [3] Using the simplified model where the orbit of the Moon around the Earth is circular, Schwaniger found that there exists a free-return trajectory in the plane of the orbit of the Moon which is periodic. After returning to low altitude above the Earth (the perigee radius is a parameter, typically 6555 km) the spacecraft would start over on the same trajectory. This periodic trajectory is counter-rotational (it goes from east to west when near the Earth). It has a period of about 650 hours (compare with a sidereal month, which is 655. 7 hours, or 27. 3 days). Considering the trajectory in an inertial (non-rotating) frame of reference, the perigee occurs directly under the Moon when the Moon is on one side of the Earth. Speed at perigee is about 10. 91 km/s. After 3 days it reaches the Moon's orbit, but now more or less on the opposite side of the Earth from the Moon. After a few more days, the craft reaches its (first) apogee and begins to fall back toward the Earth, but as it approaches the Moon's orbit, the Moon arrives, and there is a gravitational interaction. The craft passes on the near side of the Moon at a radius of 2150 km (410 km above the surface) and is thrown back outwards, where it reaches a second apogee. It then falls back toward the Earth, goes around to the other side, and goes through another perigee close to where the first perigee had taken place. By this time the Moon has moved almost half an orbit and is again directly over the craft at perigee. Other cislunar trajectories are similar but do not end up in the same situation as at the beginning, so cannot repeat. [2] There will of course be similar trajectories with periods of about two sidereal months, three sidereal months, and so on. In each case, the two apogees will be further and further away from Earth. These were not considered by Schwaniger. This kind of trajectory can occur of course for similar three-body problems; this problem is an example of a circular restricted three-body problem. While in a true free-return trajectory no propulsion is applied, in practice there may be small mid-course corrections or other maneuvers. A free-return trajectory may be the initial trajectory to allow a safe return in the event of a systems failure; this was applied in the Apollo 8, Apollo 10, and Apollo 11 lunar missions. In such a case a free return to a suitable reentry situation is more useful than returning to near the Earth, but then needing propulsion anyway to prevent moving away from it again. Since all went well, these Apollo missions did not have to take advantage of the free return and inserted into orbit upon arrival at the Moon. The atmospheric entry interface velocity upon return from the Moon is approximately 36, 500 ft/s (11. 1 km/s; 40, 100 km/h; 24, 900 mph) [4] whereas the more common spacecraft return velocity from low-Earth orbit (LEO) is approximately 7. 8 km/s (28, 000 km/h; 17, 000 mph). Due to the landing-site restrictions that resulted from constraining the launch to a free return that flew by the Moon, subsequent Apollo missions, starting with Apollo 12 and including the ill-fated Apollo 13, used a hybrid trajectory that launched to a highly elliptical Earth orbit that fell short of the Moon with effectively a free return to the atmospheric entry corridor. They then performed a mid-course maneuver to change to a trans-Lunar trajectory that was not a free return. [5] This retained the safety characteristics of being on a free return upon launch and only departed from free return once the systems were checked out and the lunar module was docked with the command module, providing back-up maneuver capabilities. [6] In fact, within hours after the accident, Apollo 13 used the lunar module to maneuver from its planned trajectory to a circumlunar free-return trajectory. [7] Apollo 13 was the only Apollo mission to actually turn around the Moon in a free-return trajectory (however, two hours after perilune, propulsion was applied to speed the return to Earth by 10 hours and move the landing spot from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean). Earth–Mars [ edit] A free-return transfer orbit to Mars is also possible. As with the Moon, this option is mostly considered for crewed missions. Robert Zubrin, in his book The Case for Mars, discusses various trajectories to Mars for his mission design Mars Direct. The Hohmann transfer orbit can be made free-return. It takes 250 days (0. 68 years) in the transit to Mars, and in the case of a free-return style abort without the use of propulsion at Mars, 1. 5 years to get back to Earth, at a total delta-v requirement of 3. 34 km/s. Zubrin advocates a slightly faster transfer, that takes only 180 days to Mars, but 2 years back to Earth in case of an abort. This route comes also at the cost of a higher delta-v of 5. 08 km/s. Zubrin writes that faster routes have a significantly higher delta-v cost and free-return duration (e. g. transfer to Mars in 130 days takes 7. 93 km/s delta-v and 4 years on the free return), and so he advocates for the 180-day transfer. [8] A free return is also the part of various other mission designs, such as Mars Semi-Direct and Inspiration Mars. There also exists the option of two- or three-year free-returns that do not rely on the gravity of Mars, but are simply transfer orbits with periods of 2 or 1. 5 years, respectively. A two-year free return means from Earth to Mars (aborted there) and then back to Earth all in 2 years. [9] The entry corridor (range of permissible path angles) for landing on Mars is limited, and experience has shown that the path angle is hard to fix (e. +/- 0. 5 deg). This limits entry into the atmosphere to less than 9 km/s. On this assumption, a two-year return is not possible for some years, and for some years a delta-v kick of 0. 6 to 2. 7 km/s at Mars may be needed to get back to Earth. [10] NASA published the Design Reference Architecture 5. 0 for Mars in 2009, advocating a 174-day transfer to Mars, which is close to Zubrin's proposed trajectory. [11] It cites a delta-v requirement of approximately 4 km/s for the trans-Mars injection, but does not mention the duration of a free return to Earth. See also [ edit] Gravity turn in orbital redirection References [ edit] ^ Diagram of the free return Archived 2016-03-08 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c d Schwaninger, Arthur J. (1963). Trajectories in the Earth-Moon Space with Symmetrical Free Return Properties. Technical Note D-1833. Huntsville, Alabama: NASA / Marshall Space Flight Center. ^ Schwaninger, Fig. 9, p. 16. ^ Entry Aerodynamics at Lunar Return Conditions Obtained from the Fliigh of Apollo 4, Ernest R. Hillje, NASA, TN: D-5399, accessed 29 December 2018. ^ Hybrid trajectory diagram Archived 2013-01-18 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Wheeler, Robin (2009). "Apollo lunar landing launch window: The controlling factors and constraints". NASA. Retrieved 2009-10-27. ^ Stephen Cass, " Apollo 13, We Have a Solution ", IEEE Spectrum, APRIL 2005 (accessed August 6, 2012). ^ Zubrin, Robert (1996). The case for Mars: the plan to settle the red planet and why we must. New York: Free Press. ISBN   978-0-684-83550-1. ^ Paul Wooster; et al. (Aug 2006). "Trajectory Options for Human Mars Missions" (PDF). doi: 10. 2514/6. 2006-6308. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 2, 2017. ^ Wooster et al., op. cit., Table 2. ^ Human Exploration of Mars Design Reference Architecture 5. 0. External links [ edit] Gravitational n-body simulation of a lunar free-return trajectory.

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